Emergency Response to Locust Crisis
Emergency Response to Locust Crisis
Japanese

  • 2 Zero Hunger
  • 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • 13 Climate action
  • 17 Partnerships for the Goals
  • Leadership training for government officials on monitoring and controlling of the locust pests ©PWJLeadership training for government officials on monitoring and controlling of the locust pests (Turkana County, Kenya) ©PWJ
  • ©Manoj©Manoj
  • Locust swarms in Pakistan ©CWS JapanLocust swarms in Pakistan ©CWS Japan

Extending the Program Term to Continue Our Response

17th December 2020 7:30

  • Monitoring the pest-affected farm ©JENMonitoring the pest-affected farm ©JEN

As of 20 November 2020, JPF has decided to extend the program term and to increase the budget for the Emergency Response to Locust Crisis program.

Changes to the program:
Term: 1 April 2020 - 31 October 2021
Budget: 330 million yen

Currently, CWS (Pakistan), JEN (Pakistan), PWJ (South Sudan), and REALs (South Sudan) are implementing assistance projects in various regions affected by the locust crisis. We will continue to provide updates on the status of our assistance through Facebook and our website.

REALs' Relief Activity for the Locust Crisis

20th November 2020 20:00

  • Residents being shown how to make homemade pesticide from natural ingredients that cause no harm to humans or livestock ©REALsResidents being shown how to make homemade pesticide from natural ingredients that cause no harm to humans or livestock ©REALs

As part of the JPF program, JPF member NGO Reach Alternatives (REALs) is implementing a pest prevention and agricultural support project in the city of Juba, Central Equatoria State, in the Republic of South Sudan.

REALs is helping to prevent further food shortages caused by the desert locust pests in South Sudan, where there had already been severe food shortages due to conflict and natural disasters. In the locust-infested areas, REALs is providing training on pest control measures, distributing seeds and seedlings, and helping raise productivity on food productions to minimize food shortages caused as a result of the locust damages.

JEN Implementing Assistance in Pakistan

25th October 2020 17:00

  • vMarket survey for supply procurement ©JEN

JPF member NGO JEN is currently implementing a livelihood support project focusing on pest control, monitoring, and management for farmers in the three districts most severely affected by the locust pests in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province.

As part of this project, a locust control group will be selected from among the affected households to control, monitor, and manage the pests. Necessary items will be distributed so that they can perform pest control. The photo shows a market survey being conducted to procure the necessary items that include chemicals, chemical spraying equipment, and protective equipment (e.g. masks, gloves, etc.).

CWS’s Assistance Activity Picked Up by a Newspaper

9th September 2020 19:01

Desert locusts are causing damages as they devour wheat and corn, and the swarms have now spread to more than 20 countries in the world. The Asahi Shimbun (5 September 2020 digital edition, 6 September 2020 morning edition) reported on CWS Japan's emergency cash distribution and assistance for farmers, which have been delivered as part of the JPF program. Please take a look at the article at the link below. (*Available to paid membership readers)
https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASN8W5CQZN8PUHBI03H.html

JEN’s Relief Work in Pakistan

26th August 2020 23:30

  • Meeting with the local government ©JENMeeting with the local government ©JEN

JPF member NGO JEN is currently implementing a livelihood support project focusing on pest control, monitoring, and management for farmers in the three districts most severely affected by the locust pests in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province.

JEN held meetings with local government officials and local leaders to share information on the ever-changing conditions of locust pest damages due to climate and other factors. New swarms of dessert locusts have been entering Pakistan from other countries as well. JEN will continue to monitor the situation and provide support.

PWJ’s Training in Kenya

29th July 2020 23:00

  • ©PWJ©PWJ

The increase in the number of desert locusts is causing serious damages in many countries. It is estimated that a one-square-kilometer of locust herd consumes the same amounts of crops in a day as food for 35,000 people. Not only will this reduce food self-sufficiency in the affected countries and regions, but it will also cause food prices to skyrocket around the world, which could lead to severe starvation. Kenya, in particular, is said to be experiencing a once-in-70-years famine.

JPF member NGO Peace Winds Japan (PWJ) conducted leadership training for 40 government officials in June in Turkana County, Kenya. After the training, these officials, in turn, will train and mentor young people who will monitor and control the locust pests in their communities. PWJ’s training was conducted by instructors trained by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and they provided practical instruction on the ecology of the locusts, monitoring and pest control methods, and community involvement. The training was conducted with thorough preventative measures against COVID-19.

For more on PWJ’s activity, please visit: https://peace-winds.org/activity/kenya/18326

New Swarms of Locusts

26th June 2020 2:00

As a JPF grant project JPF member NGO CWS Japan has been implementing its assistance project in Umerkot, Sindh Province, which has been one of the most heavily affected areas in this crisis in Pakistan.

New swarms of locusts coming from surrounding countries have now reached Pakistan, and these pests are in breeding season and eggs are hatching now, so there are concerns for greater damages to the region. CWS will continue to support the farmers affected by this crisis directly with emergency cash provision as well as indirectly with provision of insecticides to control locusts through the Pakistani government, so that the farmers can recover their livelihood and build up their capacity.

Please visit CWS Japan’s website for more on this project: https://bit.ly/3188hch

CWS’s Assistance Activity

31st May 2020 22:00

Pakistan has experienced catastrophic damages on agriculture due to the infestation of desert locusts; it is said to be the heaviest pest crisis in thirty years. JPF member NGO CWS Japan has been implementing its assistance project in Umerkot, Sindh Province, which has been one of the most heavily affected areas in this crisis in Pakistan.

Umerkot is in a drought-hit area where crops can only be harvested during limited times of the year. In combination with the high poverty rate, it is considered to be at higher risk of damages from the locust crisis worsening. With locusts entering breeding season, eggs are being laid and hatched. CWS Japan has been providing cash support to farmers affected by this crisis so that they can use the money to rent tractors. Multiple families would rent an agricultural tractor together and take turns using it to kill off locust eggs through the traditional cultivation method, where you would dig up and turn over soil with the tractor so that the locust eggs are exposed, dried, and killed.

CWS Japan will also provide the Pakistani government with insecticides to control locusts and provide trainings for farmers on crop management and pest control.

Please visit the CWS website for more details.

“CWS JAPAN Newsletter No.43” https://www.cwsjapan.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Newsletter_no.-43.pdf

Emergency Response to Locust Crisis in Action

1st April 2020 23:00

On 30 March 2020, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch the emergency response program to regions in East Africa and South Asia affected by the desert locust outbreak, which is causing serious damages on agriculture and crops.
At JPF, we have taken into account the severity of damages caused by the locust outbreak in the agricultural nations of Pakistan and Kenya, the critical impact on their economy, and the food insecurity being exacerbated by this crisis in the already vulnerable nation of South Sudan, and have determined to implement assistance projects in partnership with our member NGOs. Activities will include distributions of seeds and seedlings, provision of pesticides, support for farmers and agricultural communities, and relevant trainings for those affected by this crisis.

1 April 2020(Press Release

On 30 March 2020, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch the emergency response program to regions in East Africa and South Asia affected by the desert locust outbreak, which is causing serious damages on agriculture and crops.

  • Since January 2020, Pakistan has experienced catastrophic damages on agriculture due to the infestation of desert locusts whose outbreak was also seen in Iran and India. Swarms of locusts have been found in a total of 985,230 hectares of agricultural land surveyed in the country*1. Control operations using pesticides have been carried out for about 300 thousand hectares of the surveyed area*1. However, since pesticides have adverse effects on people's health and crops need to be disposed of after being sprayed with pesticides, more and more farmers are losing their sources of income. The locusts entering breeding season is expected to cause further damages on the main agricultural production areas of the country.
  • Some countries in East Africa have experienced immense damages due to the outbreak of locusts infesting their farmlands and rangelands since December 2019. In one day, a one-square-kilometer swarm of locusts can consume the equivalent of food for 35,000 people*2. Especially in Kenya, where they are experiencing the heaviest pest crisis in over 70 years*2, locusts have already damaged 70,000 hectares of agropastoral land in northern and central parts of the country*3. In northern Kenya where they have had repeated droughts and floods in recent years, over 3 million people are already at risk of being highly food insecure, but this figure is expected to get even worse*3.
  • In South Sudan, where 6.5 million people or 55% of the population face severe acute food insecurity and other problems due to conflict-related political instability and natural disasters, this locust outbreak is expected to further threaten the nation and the livelihood of its people. International organizations have pointed out the need to act swiftly in order to prevent further deterioration of food insecurity and malnutrition among children*4.
  • At JPF, we have taken into account the severity of damages caused by the locust outbreak in the agricultural nations of Pakistan and Kenya, the critical impact on their economy, and the food insecurity being exacerbated by this crisis in the already vulnerable nation of South Sudan, and have determined to implement assistance projects in partnership with our member NGOs. Activities will include distributions of seeds and seedlings, provision of pesticides, support for farmers and agricultural communities, and relevant trainings for those affected by this crisis.
  • Due to the limitations imposed on international and local travel as a result of the spread of the novel coronavirus, these projects will be implemented by local partner organizations as a general rule.

JPF will coordinate with local government and our member NGOs to provide assistance that meet the needs of people in the local communities. Updates on this program will be posted regularly on JPF website and on our Facebook page.

Desert Locust Infestation Map
Desert Locust Infestation Map *5

※1:FAO, Locust situation in Pakistan ( Feb, 2020) - National Emergency, 27 February 2020.
※2:ACTED, Kenya: Desert Locust Outbreak Rapid Needs Assessment, 12 February 2020
※3:FAO, Desert Locusts ground surveillance intensified, 13 February 2020.
※4:FAO, South Sudan-Situation report March 2020, March 2020
※5:FAO, http://www.fao.org/ag/locusts/common/ecg/75/en/200309updateE.jpg, 16 March 2020.

Program Overview

Term 1 April 2020 - 30 November 2020
Budget 230 million yen (Government Subsidies)
Locations Pakistan, Kenya, South Sudan
Content Food distribution, seeds and seedlings distribution, pesticide provision, support for farmers and agricultural communities, implementation of relevant trainings, etc.
Organizations (Expected) CWS Japan, JEN, Peace Winds Japan (PWJ), etc.