Pakistan, Kenya, South Sudan
Emergency Response to Locust Crisis
Japanese

  • ©Manoj©Manoj
  • Locust swarms in Pakistan ©CWS JapanLocust swarms in Pakistan ©CWS Japan

New Swarms of Locusts

26th June 2020 2:00

As a JPF grant project JPF member NGO CWS Japan has been implementing its assistance project in Umerkot, Sindh Province, which has been one of the most heavily affected areas in this crisis in Pakistan.

New swarms of locusts coming from surrounding countries have now reached Pakistan, and these pests are in breeding season and eggs are hatching now, so there are concerns for greater damages to the region. CWS will continue to support the farmers affected by this crisis directly with emergency cash provision as well as indirectly with provision of insecticides to control locusts through the Pakistani government, so that the farmers can recover their livelihood and build up their capacity.

Please visit CWS Japan’s website for more on this project: https://bit.ly/3188hch

CWS’s Assistance Activity

31st May 2020 22:00

Pakistan has experienced catastrophic damages on agriculture due to the infestation of desert locusts; it is said to be the heaviest pest crisis in thirty years. JPF member NGO CWS Japan has been implementing its assistance project in Umerkot, Sindh Province, which has been one of the most heavily affected areas in this crisis in Pakistan.

Umerkot is in a drought-hit area where crops can only be harvested during limited times of the year. In combination with the high poverty rate, it is considered to be at higher risk of damages from the locust crisis worsening. With locusts entering breeding season, eggs are being laid and hatched. CWS Japan has been providing cash support to farmers affected by this crisis so that they can use the money to rent tractors. Multiple families would rent an agricultural tractor together and take turns using it to kill off locust eggs through the traditional cultivation method, where you would dig up and turn over soil with the tractor so that the locust eggs are exposed, dried, and killed.

CWS Japan will also provide the Pakistani government with insecticides to control locusts and provide trainings for farmers on crop management and pest control.

Please visit the CWS website for more details.

“CWS JAPAN Newsletter No.43” https://www.cwsjapan.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Newsletter_no.-43.pdf

Emergency Response to Locust Crisis in Action

1st April 2020 23:00

On 30 March 2020, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch the emergency response program to regions in East Africa and South Asia affected by the desert locust outbreak, which is causing serious damages on agriculture and crops.
At JPF, we have taken into account the severity of damages caused by the locust outbreak in the agricultural nations of Pakistan and Kenya, the critical impact on their economy, and the food insecurity being exacerbated by this crisis in the already vulnerable nation of South Sudan, and have determined to implement assistance projects in partnership with our member NGOs. Activities will include distributions of seeds and seedlings, provision of pesticides, support for farmers and agricultural communities, and relevant trainings for those affected by this crisis.

1 April 2020(Press Release

On 30 March 2020, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch the emergency response program to regions in East Africa and South Asia affected by the desert locust outbreak, which is causing serious damages on agriculture and crops.

  • Since January 2020, Pakistan has experienced catastrophic damages on agriculture due to the infestation of desert locusts whose outbreak was also seen in Iran and India. Swarms of locusts have been found in a total of 985,230 hectares of agricultural land surveyed in the country*1. Control operations using pesticides have been carried out for about 300 thousand hectares of the surveyed area*1. However, since pesticides have adverse effects on people's health and crops need to be disposed of after being sprayed with pesticides, more and more farmers are losing their sources of income. The locusts entering breeding season is expected to cause further damages on the main agricultural production areas of the country.
  • Some countries in East Africa have experienced immense damages due to the outbreak of locusts infesting their farmlands and rangelands since December 2019. In one day, a one-square-kilometer swarm of locusts can consume the equivalent of food for 35,000 people*2. Especially in Kenya, where they are experiencing the heaviest pest crisis in over 70 years*2, locusts have already damaged 70,000 hectares of agropastoral land in northern and central parts of the country*3. In northern Kenya where they have had repeated droughts and floods in recent years, over 3 million people are already at risk of being highly food insecure, but this figure is expected to get even worse*3.
  • In South Sudan, where 6.5 million people or 55% of the population face severe acute food insecurity and other problems due to conflict-related political instability and natural disasters, this locust outbreak is expected to further threaten the nation and the livelihood of its people. International organizations have pointed out the need to act swiftly in order to prevent further deterioration of food insecurity and malnutrition among children*4.
  • At JPF, we have taken into account the severity of damages caused by the locust outbreak in the agricultural nations of Pakistan and Kenya, the critical impact on their economy, and the food insecurity being exacerbated by this crisis in the already vulnerable nation of South Sudan, and have determined to implement assistance projects in partnership with our member NGOs. Activities will include distributions of seeds and seedlings, provision of pesticides, support for farmers and agricultural communities, and relevant trainings for those affected by this crisis.
  • Due to the limitations imposed on international and local travel as a result of the spread of the novel coronavirus, these projects will be implemented by local partner organizations as a general rule.

JPF will coordinate with local government and our member NGOs to provide assistance that meet the needs of people in the local communities. Updates on this program will be posted regularly on JPF website and on our Facebook page.

Desert Locust Infestation Map
Desert Locust Infestation Map *5

※1:FAO, Locust situation in Pakistan ( Feb, 2020) - National Emergency, 27 February 2020.
※2:ACTED, Kenya: Desert Locust Outbreak Rapid Needs Assessment, 12 February 2020
※3:FAO, Desert Locusts ground surveillance intensified, 13 February 2020.
※4:FAO, South Sudan-Situation report March 2020, March 2020
※5:FAO, http://www.fao.org/ag/locusts/common/ecg/75/en/200309updateE.jpg, 16 March 2020.

Program Overview

Term 1 April 2020 - 30 November 2020
Budget 230 million yen (Government Subsidies)
Locations Pakistan, Kenya, South Sudan
Content Food distribution, seeds and seedlings distribution, pesticide provision, support for farmers and agricultural communities, implementation of relevant trainings, etc.
Organizations (Expected) CWS Japan, JEN, Peace Winds Japan (PWJ), etc.