Humanitarian Response to Ethiopia Conflict
On 25 February, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch an emergency response program to support the people in need of assistance due to the humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia. This includes people within Ethiopia as well as Ethiopian refugees who have fled to neighboring Sudan.
- On 4 November 2020, in Ethiopia, where ethnic conflicts have surfaced in recent years as democratization progressed, armed conflict broke out between the Tigray People's Liberation Front and government forces.
- As a result of this conflict, there is a need to provide assistance to the remaining residents of Tigray Region, internally displaced persons (IDPs) within the region, IDPs who have fled but returned from outside the region, and IDPs who have fled to the neighboring Amhara and Afar Regions. More than 1.3 million people need assistance, including refugees from neighboring Eritrea and Ethiopian refugees who have fled to Sudan.*1 In addition, food assistance to Tigray Region through the government's Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) has been delayed due to the conflict,*2 and this is affecting approximately 1 million people. Overall, around 2.3 million people are in need of assistance.*1
- Crops and livestock have been looted and burned due to the conflict, and local agriculture has been devastated with equipment and vehicles also looted and destroyed. Since the markets are disrupted as well, it has become very difficult for people to secure daily food supplies. Malnutrition among children and pregnant and lactating women is also worsening in the entire Tigray Region.
- Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced by the conflict and are in need of shelter and basic household items such as cooking utensils and blankets. Many displaced people are also living in overcrowded collective centers without separate spaces for men and women, which increases the risk of gender-based violence (GBV).
- Many healthcare facilities have also been closed due to the conflict, resulting in limited access to medicines and medical services, including for people with chronic illnesses and those injured in the conflict.
- Additionally, damages to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities have increased the risk of infectious disease outbreaks, including COVID-19.*3
- Finally, compounding and simultaneous challenges such as the worsening food security due to damages to crops, caused by the persisting desert locust invasions since June 2019, and the spread of COVID-19 are further exacerbating the humanitarian crisis among people affected by this conflict.*1
- Under these circumstances, JPF decided to provide assistance in the form of food distribution, NFI (non-food items) distribution, medical supply provision, and WASH facility installation, as well as hygiene item distribution to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus.
- JPF member NGOs Good Neighbors Japan (GNJP) and World Vision Japan (WVJ) will be working in Ethiopia, while Association for Aid and Relief, Japan (AAR), will be working in Sudan.
JPF will continue to assess the damages and needs in cooperation with local governments and JPF member NGOs and will provide prompt assistance. We will be posting regular updates on this program on JPF's website and Facebook page.
Map of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
*1:UNICEF, Updated Humanitarian Response Plan for Northern Ethiopia: November 2020 to January 2021 (23 December 2020)
*2:FEWS NET, Ethiopia Key Message Update: Continued conflict in Tigray coupled with low economic activity drives Emergency (IPC Phase 4) (4 February 2021)
*3:OCHA, Ethiopia - Tigray Region Humanitarian Update Situation Report (28 February 2021)
|Term||6 months, Initial Response Period|
|Budget||120 million yen (government subsidies)|