Assistance for Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees
On June 21, 2019, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch the assistance program for refugees and migrants from Venezuela, where many continue to flee the country to escape the increasing civic unrest.
- Political and socioeconomic conditions have been deteriorating in Venezuela. People's lives are in crisis as they had to withstand large-scale power and water outages caused by poor maintenance of power plants, severe shortages of food and medicine, worsening hyperinflation, and closing of medical facilities and schools as the oil-dependent nation struggled with the aftermath of plummeting oil prices. Spread of infectious diseases and deteriorating security compelled many Venezuelans to leave the country, with around 4.3 million*1 already having left as of August 2019. This is the worst humanitarian crisis in history in the South American and Caribbean region.
- Refugees and migrants from Venezuela have arrived in Columbia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, and Brazil, among which Columbia and Peru have welcomed the most with about 1.4 million and 860 thousand Venezuelans respectively as of August 2019*1. Given the budget, JPF has determined at this time to assist refugees and migrants in Peru only, although we may re-evaluate our target populations in the future.
- Majority of Venezuelan refugees and migrants entering Peru originally headed for Lima*2, but with such high volumes concentrated in the capital city, it has become increasingly difficult to find housing and jobs. Consequently, many have gone to provincial cities instead, staying with friends and acquaintances and working low-wage jobs as street vendors or in factories there.
- With urgent need to provide assistance to the most vulnerable among the refugees and migrants - i.e. unaccompanied and separated children, female-headed households, and people with disabilities and chronic illnesses - JPF decided in June 2019 to support those currently in Peru. Beginning in September, JPF member NGOs have assisted the Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Peru as well as the residents of the local Peruvian host communities, providing them with daily essential items and information that would facilitate their protection.
- As the unrest in the country was predicted to intensify and prolong which met the JPF dispatch criteria, JPF decided to launch the assistant program.
JPF will work with the local government and our member NGOs on damage and needs assessment as we bring prompt emergency relief that meet the needs on the ground. Further updates will be posted on our website and on our Facebook page.
*1 Response for Venezuelans (R4V), Latin America and the Caribbean: Venezuelan refugees & migrants in the region - As of August 2019 (5 August 2019)
*2 R4V, GTRM Peru, Situation Report June 2019 (30 June 2019)
|Term||September 1, 2019 - February 29, 2020|
|Budget||60 million yen (Government Subsidies)|
|Locations||Multiple locations within Peru|
|Content||Distribution of non-food items (NFIs) for Venezuelan refugees and Peruvian host community residents, information provision to facilitate protection|