Northern Mozambique
Humanitarian Response to Northern Mozambique Conflict
Japanese

Decision to launch

1st September 2021

On 26 August, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch an emergency response program to support people who have been internally displaced due to the armed conflict in the northern part of the Republic of Mozambique.

JPF member NGOs Good Neighbors Japan (GNJP) and Peace Winds Japan (PWJ) are planning to conduct humanitarian relief activities in Cape Delgado Province with local partner organizations, building on their experiences in disaster response in Mozambique.

On 26 August, Japan Platform (JPF) decided to launch an emergency response program to support people who have been internally displaced due to the armed conflict in the northern part of the Republic of Mozambique.

<Overview>

  • Map data ©2021 GoogleMap data ©2021 Google

    In Cabo Delgado Province of northern Mozambique, the economically impoverished local residents have been discontented with the ruling FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique; Liberation Front of Mozambique) party and the central government who have not addressed their plight. The grievances against the party and the state have escalated into violence in 2017 in the form of attacks by Islamic extremists against government facilities, and this conflict has yet to subside. In March 2021, the largest-ever attack broke out in Palma in the northern part of the province. As of 27 August 2021, more than 732,000 people had fled their homes for fear of violence and have become internally displaced persons (IDPs)*1.
  • Cabo Delgado has approximately 660,000 IDPs (45% of whom are children) within their province*2, but the social infrastructure had not been adequately developed to begin with, and access to basic services has been even more limited due to the impact of the conflict in recent years. Additionally, they have been triply burdened with this conflict, damages from Cyclone Kenneth in April 2019, and the new coronavirus pandemic starting in 2020.
  • Pemba, the capital city of Cabo Delgado, and its surrounding areas host about 500,000 IDPs*2, and the basic infrastructure of the host communities have been stretched thin with the lack of water supply facilities becoming a greater problem. Also, sanitation has deteriorated, and cholera has spread in the region. In addition to temporary shelters, IDPs have been hosted in resettlement sites (provided by the government for those who do not wish to return to their homes) and extension settlements in host communities (where the local government allows displaced people to use community land). In all of these sites for IDPs, urgent assistance is needed for the construction and repair of water supply facilities, latrine installments, hygiene education, and shelter construction.
  • JPF member NGOs Good Neighbors Japan (GNJP) and Peace Winds Japan (PWJ) are planning to conduct humanitarian relief activities in Cape Delgado Province with local partner organizations, building on their experiences in disaster response in Mozambique that include support for the people affected by the 2019 Cyclone Idai that hit multiple southern African countries as well as Cyclone Eloise from earlier this year. We will provide prompt assistance in cooperation with the Mozambican authorities and international organizations while giving our utmost attention to preventing the spread of the new coronavirus and to the changes in the security situation. We will be posting updates on this program on JPF's website, Facebook, and Twitter.

*1: UNHCR, Mozambique - Update, Northern Mozambique Situation, 10 - 23 August 2021 (27 August 2021)
*2: IOM, DTM MOZAMBIQUE BASELINE ASSESSMENT ROUND 12 (APRIL 2021)

Program Overview

Term 8 months
Budget 110 million yen (government funding)
Locations Cabo Delgado Province
Content of Program Shelter/NFI, WASH, livelihood